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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 1 (De uoce, de littera)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 42 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 42,1sequente m, ut Smyrna, smaragdus: nam uitium faciunt, qui zm
20a4b42,1book 1561 +smirna: civitas
II 42,2scribunt; numquam enim duplex in capite syllabae posita potest cum alia
II 42,3iungi consonante. Lucanus quoque hoc ostendit in X:
II 42,4«terga sedent, crebro maculas distincta smaragdo».
20a9c42,4book 1541 smaragdo: (m.l.) de tonica aaroen in lege scripta per metrum dicitur. sardia prima loca topaza adiuncta smaragdus., {= E 15v3, ordo invertitur: sardia .. smaragdus .i. in lege .. metrum hoc dicitur de tonica ááron}
II 42,5nam nisi esset s ante m, subtrahi in metro minime posset nec staret
20a11d42,5book 14221 posset: .i. s
II 42,6uersus; s enim in metro saepe uim consonantis amittit. in fine autem
20a11e42,620a1book 1541 s: (m.l.) naich imtha z
[‘not so is z (i.e z does not, as s often does, lose the force of a consonant)’] [analysis]
II 42,7syllabae omnes liquidae solent ante s poni, ut puls, hiems, mons, ars;
20a1342,7book 14143 [so]lent: ./ (20a13=42,8) si[militer]: ./
20a13f42,720a2book 1211 puls: .i. hith {cf. E 15v8 .i. soib ithi moet}
[‘i.e. pottage’] [analysis]
II 42,8similiter ante x, excepta m, ut falx, lanx, arx. in mutis
20a14g42,820a3book 1211 lanx: med thesc slice
[‘a balance or a dish or a shell’] [analysis]
20a15h42,8book 136 in (mutis): .i. de mutis
II 42,9praeponuntur b et g sequente d, ut βδελυρός, bdellium, Abdera, abdomen,
20a17i42,9book 1214 561 abdisa: (m.s.) abdo servus dei ⁊ abdia
20a17k42,9book 1563 561 +abdisa: ancilla
20a17l42,9book 1566[?] abdomen: forsan proprium
II 42,10Mygdonides. c uero et p praeponuntur sequente t, ut actus, lectus,
20a17m42,10book 1561 migdonides: gens de grecis
II 42,11aptus, diphthongus. semiuocalis nulla praeponitur mutis nisi s
II 42,12sequente b, ut asbestus, Asbustes, c uel q: scutum, squalor, p, ut
20a22n42,12book 1563 asbestus: senex capella. asbestus {.i. add. E} lapis qui cum ignem nullum habeat proprium acepto tamen sic ardet alieno ut non possit extingui .- {= E 15v12 senex .. asbestus om. E; cf. K 10r29 f .i. genus lapidis}
20a22o42,1220a4book 1211 asbustes: (subs.) .i. neph-adnachte {= K 10r29 g .i. neph-athnachta}
[‘i.e. unburied’] [analysis]
20a22p42,12book 1212 +asbustes: (m.l.) inhumatus
20a23q42,12book 153 squalor: (m.l.) ". in primo libro constructionis (cf. 239a16=3,111,25)
20a23r42,1220a5book 1211 squalor: dóermamaigthetu
[‘dirtiness’] [analysis]
20a23s42,12book 1212 squalor: (m.l.) ? [s....s] ?
20a23t42,12book 1212 +squalor: ...ditas {cf. K 10r30 h inmunditia}
II 42,13spes, sphaera, t: status, Sthenius, ante aliam autem nullam
II 42,14mutarum. mutae uero semiuocalibus praeponuntur liquidis absque m omnes
20a25u42,14book 1541 mutae: .i. omnes
20a26w42,14book 14228 [liqui]dis: .i. preponuntur mutae {= E 15v14}
20a26x42,14book 1543 (absque) m: quia ante .m. non inveniuntur omnes mutae reliqua {cf. E 15v14 .i. non invenitur}
II 42,15paene omnibus: bl, ut blandus; cl: clarus; dl, ut Abodlas,
20a26y42,15book 1543 blandus: .i. preponitur b. do .l. síc .c. reliqua
[‘i.e. b is prefixed to l: so c etc.’] [analysis]
II 42,16nomen barbarum; gl: gladius, Glabrio; tl: Tlepolemus, Atlas; pl:
20a28z42,16book 1212 +glabrio: .i. imberbis dicitur
20a28aa42,16book 1566[?] +tlepolemus: proprium
II 42,17planus; fl: flauus; bn: abnuo, sed b magis superioris est syllabae;
II 42,18cn: Cnidus; dn: Cydnus, Ariadne; gn: Gneus; tn: Aetna; pn:
20a31bb42,1870book 1566[?] cnidus: .i. proprium scriptoris cronicón {cf. E 15v16 nomen scriptoris vel nomen fluminis in asia ut orosius dicit}
20a31cc42,18book 1561 571 cnidus: (m.l.) plinius in .V. libro naturalis. istoriae. saros cydnos amnes in cylicia
20a32dd42,18book 1566[?] 572 gneus: consul
20a32ee42,18book 1561 +etna: .i. mons
II 42,19Therapnae, Siphnus; br: Brennus, umbrae; cr: creber; dr:
20a32ff42,19book 1561 +terapne: nomen {cf. K 10r34 n .i. nomen loci vel Portus italiae}
20a32gg42,19book 1561 +siip[nus]: nomen
20a33hh42,1920a7book 1211 cre[ber]: dián {cf. K 10r35 q celer}
[‘swift’] [analysis]
20a34ii42,19book 1566[?] +drances: proprium
II 42,20Drances; gr: gratus; fr: frater; pr: pratum; tr: tractus. ante m
20a35kk42,2020a8book 1211 pratum: sreith
[‘meadow’] [analysis]
II 42,21autem inueniuntur c d g t, ut Pyracmon, Alcmene, drachma, Dmois,
20a36ll42,2120a9book 1541 inveniuntur: .i. ní·airecar .b. na .c. remi.
[‘i.e. neither b nor c is found before it (lit. before her)’] [analysis]
20a36mm42,21book 15661[?] +pira,c[mon]: .i. mons
20a37nn42,21book 1572 +al,cmene: .i. haeculis mater
II 42,22Admetus, agmen, Tmolus, Isthmos. tres autem consonantes non
20b1a42,2220b1book 1211 +agmen: .i. sluag
[‘i.e. host’] [analysis]
20b1b42,22book 1561 +istmos: .i. mons {= E 15v19 .i. om. E}
II 42,23aliter possunt iungi in principio syllabae, nisi sit prima s uel c uel p,
20b3c42,2320b2book 1543 prima: .i. manip .s. bas toisech inna syllaib reliqua
[‘i.e. unless s be the first (element) in its syllable etc.’] [analysis]
20b342,23book 14111 prima: : (ibid.) s: :
20b342,23book 14111 c: .- (ibid.) p: .- (20b4=43,1) secunda: .-

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?kV=2&kP=42&id=1607> [accessed 21 February 2024]