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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 3 (De comparatione, de superlativo, de diminutivo)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 93 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 93,1comparatiuum comparatur, ut fortior Achilles Hectore, fortiore Patroclo.
42b10e93,1book 3543 fortiore: hectore
II 93,2Homerus in alpha Odysseae:
II 93,3«εἰ κεῖνόν γ᾽ Ἰθάκηνδε ἰδοίατο νοστήσαντα /
II 93,4πάντες κ᾽ ἀρησαίατ᾽ ἐλαφρότεροι πόδας εἶναι /
II 93,5ἢ ἀφνειότεροι χρυσοῖό τε ἐσθῆτός τε».
II 93,6Cicero Philippicarum II: «quis interpretari potest,
II 93,7impudentiorne, qui in senatu, an improbior, qui in Dolabellam, an
42b12f93,742b4book 3543 impro[bior]: .i. is messa ind amprome quam ind anfele. reliqua inante
[‘i.e. improbity is worse than impudence’] [analysis]
II 93,8impurior, qui patre audiente, an crudelior, qui in illam
II 93,9miseram tam spurce, tam impie dixeris?».
II 93,10et sciendum, quod apud Latinos diminutionem quoque accipiunt
42b1693,10book 34121 dimminutionem: .- (42b18=93,11) quod: .-
II 93,11quaedam comparatiuorum, ut supra diximus, quod apud Graecos non inuenitur,
II 93,12ut grandiusculus, minusculus, maiusculus, meliusculus. omnia
42b20g93,12book 33233 omnia (.. haec): demminutiva comparativa
II 93,13tamen haec a neutro comparatiui adiectione culus inuenio fieri: [ut]
II 93,14grandius grandiusculus, melius meliusculus, sic et cetera, quae sunt similia.
II 93,15tam et quam aduerbia tum comparatiuo uel superlatiuo adiciuntur,
42b24h93,15book 3571 tam: sed non ad comparationem ut erratici dicunt haec iunguntur comparativo ⁊ superlativo sed ad aequationem ut seregius dicit {= E 28v25=93,7 ut - dicunt; ut - dicit om. E}
II 93,16cum duo uel plures comparatiui uel superlatiui diuersae significationis positi
42b2593,16book 34141 cum: : (42b28=93,17) geminantur: :
42b2693,16book 34122 comparativi: " (ibid.) superlativi: " (42b27=93,17) idem: "
42b26i93,1642b5book 3543 diversae (sig[nificationis]): .i. is sain intliucht bís hi cechtar n-aí ut est híc .i. sensus iustitiae in uno sensus felicitatis in alio
[‘i.e. different is the meaning that is in each of these two, ut etc.’] [analysis]
42b2793,16book 34144 [sig]nificationis: ..- (42b28=93,17) iustior: ..-
II 93,17inter se aequantur uel idem geminantur, ut tam iustior quam felicior
42b2793,17book 34144 idem: -,-, (42b31=93,20) firmiorem: -,-,
42b27k93,17book 3543 4221 idem: (m.d.) .i. comparativi eiusdem intellectus., {= E 28v32}
42b2893,17book 34142 geminantur: .-.-.- (42b32=93,20) bis: .-.-.- {= E 28v33-29r2}
II 93,18Aeneas Hectore. Cicero pro Deiotaro: «istam, inquam, dextram
II 93,19non tam in bellis neque in proeliis quam in promissis et fide
42b30l93,1942b6book 3211 34 tam: in meit-se {= E 29r1 in metro}
[‘so much’] [analysis]
II 93,20firmiorem», bis enim firmiorem intellegendum. minus autem aduerbium
42b31m93,2042b7book 3543 firmiorem: .i. do·berr fri tam ⁊ quam
[‘i.e. it (firmiorem) is put with tam and quam’] [analysis]
42b3393,20book 34111 adverbium: " (42b33=94,1) iunctum: "

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?kV=2&kP=93&id=3698> [accessed 29 May 2024]