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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 3 (De comparatione, de superlativo, de diminutivo)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 100 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 100,1illud quoque sciendum, quod omnia et comparatiua et superlatiua
II 100,2duarum excedunt numerum syllabarum exceptis prior et primus et
44b38e100,244a2book 3543 [ex]cedunt: it lia déṡillabchi
[‘they are more than disyllabism’] [analysis]
II 100,3anomalis his: minor et maior et peior et plus. nec mirum, cum
44b40f100,344a3book 34228 nec (mirum): ci as·ingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ⁊ superlati
[‘that comparatives and superlatives should exceed the number of disyllabism’] [analysis]
II 100,4positiua quoque, ex quibus nascuntur, bisyllaba sint uel eo plus [per genetiuos]
44b41g100,444b4book 33232 543 eo: numero sillabarum .i. nó it lia desillabchi
[‘i.e. or they are more than disyllabism’] [analysis]
45a1a100,445a1book 3211 per (genitivos): for genitne són
[‘that is, over genitives’] [analysis]
II 100,5et uel unam uel duas assumentia syllabas faciant supra dictos gradus: ditis
45a2b100,5book 3423 543 assumentia: positi for genitne
[‘positives over genitives’] [analysis]
45a2c100,5book 34221 faciunt: positi
[‘positives’] [analysis]
45a2d100,5book 33232 supradictos: compariti ⁊ superlati
[‘comparatives and superlatives’] [analysis]
II 100,6ditior ditissimus, clari clarior clarissimus, nigri nigrior nigerrimus,
II 100,7utilis utilior utilissimus, similis similior simillimus, infra inferior infimus.
II 100,8superlatiuus uero comparatiuum est quando superat una syllaba, ut quando
45a6e100,845a5book 3211 3115 comparativum: in comparit
[‘the comparative’] [analysis]
II 100,9in simus finitur, iustior iustissimus, et quando in rimus, si positiui
45a8f100,9book 34228 et (quando): superat una silaba
II 100,10nominatiuus et genetiuus pares habeant syllabas, ut taeter taetri taetrior
II 100,11taeterrimus, acer acris acrior acerrimus; est quando par est, ut in
45a11g100,11book 34228 par: .i. superlait do comparit
[‘i.e. the superlative to (the) comparative’] [analysis]
II 100,12limus terminans, agilior agillimus, facilior facillimus; est quando una
II 100,13uincitur syllaba, ut quando in fimus uel timus uel remus desinit, ut
45a13h100,13book 34221 vincitur: superlait
[‘the superlative’] [analysis]
II 100,14inferior infimus, ulterior ultimus, exterior extremus uel extimus.
II 100,15Varro in chorographia:
II 100,16«ergo inter solis stationem et sidera septem /
II 100,17exporrecta iacet tellus. huic extima fluctu /
45a17100,17book 34123 4111 iacet: " (ibid.) tellus: " (ibid.) extima: " {= E 30r33 exporrecta .- > iacet .- > tellus .- }
II 100,18Oceani, interior Neptuno cingitur ora».
II 100,19Plautus in truculento:


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Conspectus siglorum


St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)


[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence


id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <> [accessed 21 April 2024]