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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 3 (De comparatione, de superlativo, de diminutivo)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 95 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 95,1in er igitur desinentia positiua cum sint adiectiua siue secundae seu
II 95,2tertiae declinationis, accepta rimus faciunt superlatiuum, ut pulcher
II 95,3pulcherrimus, miser miserrimus, pauper pauperrimus, acer acerrimus.
II 95,4excipitur dextimus et sinistimus pro dexterrimus et sinisterrimus.
II 95,5Sallustius in Iugurthino: «Sulla cum equitatu apud dextimos,
II 95,6in sinistra parte Mallius cum funditoribus».
II 95,7in us uero terminantia secundae declinationis assumunt genetiuo s
II 95,8et simus et faciunt superlatiuum, ut clarus clari clarissimus, doctus
II 95,9docti doctissimus, perditus perditi perditissimus, exceptis anomalis, id
II 95,10est inaequalibus, quae sunt bonus optimus, malus pessimus, magnus
II 95,11maximus, paruus minimus, multus plurimus.
II 95,12excipitur etiam maturrimus, cuius cum positiuus maturus sit,
43b595,12book 34121 maturrimus: " (ibid.) cuius: "
43b5a95,12book 3543 maturus: hodie {= E 29r27 .i. add. E}
II 95,13tamen, quasi a nominatiuo matur, qui nunc in usu non est, nascatur, in
II 95,14er desinentium regulam seruauit, id est in rimus terminatur. inuenitur
II 95,15tamen etiam maturissimus secundum analogiam in us terminantium.
II 95,16Cicero ad Herennium libro V: «quibus uirtutibus omnem tueri
II 95,17uitam possint, eas in aetate maturissima uelint comparare».
II 95,18nuperrimus etiam proferebant antiquissimi, unde aduerbium posuit
II 95,19Cicero in tertio ad Herennium: «et quoniam nuperrime dictum

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?kV=2&kP=95> [accessed 15 July 2024]